Contributions to Zoology, 69 (4) (2000)Alexandr P. Rasnitsyn: Testing cladograms by fossil record: the ghost range test

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A method of the ghost range calculation is proposed to assess the congruence between a cladogram and the fossil record and to compare cladograms on this basis. The method is tested on a set of cladograms developed recently to reveal the phylogeny of the hymenopterous insects (Order Vespida), and the results are discussed.