Contributions to Zoology, 74 (1/2) (2005)S. Grosjean: The choice of external morphological characters and developmental stages for tadpole-based anuran taxonomy: a case study in Rana (Sylvirana) nigrovittata(Blyth, 1855) (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae)

To refer to this article use this url: http://contributionstozoology.nl/vol74/nr01/a05

References

Agarwal SK, Niazi IA. 1980. Development of mouthparts in the tadpoles of Rana tigrina Daud. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Anim. Sci) 89: 127-131.

Altig R. 1970. A key to the tadpoles of the continental United States and Canada. Herpetologica 26: 180-207.

Altig R, Johnston GF. 1989. Guilds of anuran larvae: relationships among developmental modes, morphologies, and habitats. Herp. Monogr. 3: 81-109.

Altig R, McDiarmid RW. 1999a. Diversity. Familial and generic characterizations. In: McDiarmid RW, Altig R, eds. Tadpoles. The biology of anuran larvae. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 295-337.

Altig R, McDiarmid RW. 1999b. Body plan. Development and morphology. In: McDiarmid RW, Altig R, eds. Tadpoles. The biology of anuran larvae. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 24-51.

Annandale N, Rao CRN. 1918. The tadpoles of the families Ranidae and Bufonidae found in the plains of India. Rec. Ind. Mus. 15: 25-40.

Boulenger GA. 1897-1898. The tailless batrachians of Europe. Vols. 1 & 2. Ray Society, London.

Bresler J, Bragg AN. 1954. Variations in the rows of labial teeth in tadpoles. Copeia 1954: 255-257.

Brown HA. 1989. Tadpole development and growth of the Great Basin spadefoot toad, Scaphiopus intermontanus, from Central Washington. Can. Field-Naturalist 103: 531-534.

Chou WH, Lin JY. 1997. Tadpoles of Taiwan. National Museum of Natural Science Special Publication 7: 1-98.

Crump ML. 1989. Life history consequences of feeding versus non-feeding toad larva. Oecologia 78: 486-489.

de Sá RO, Swart CC. 1999.Development of the suprarostral plate of pipoid frogs. J. Morphol. 240: 143-153.

Delaugerre M, Dubois A. 1985. La variation géographique et la variabilité intrapopulationnelle chez Phyllodactylus europaeus (Reptilia, Sauria, Gekkonidae). Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat., Paris 4e sér.(A), 7: 709-736.

Dubois A. 1995. Keratodont formulae in anuran tadpoles: proposals for a standardization. J. Zool. Evol. Research 33: 1-15.

Dutta SK, Mohanty-Hejmadi P. 1984. Ontogeny of teeth row structure in Rana tigerina tadpoles. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 80: 517-528.

Gaudin AJ. 1965. Larval development of the tree frogs Hyla regilla and Hyla californiae. Herpetologica 21: 117-130.

Glaw F, Köhler J. 1998. Amphibian species diversity exceeds that of mammals. Herpetol. Rev. 29: 11-12.

Glaw F, Köhler J, Lötters S, Vences M. 1998.Vorläufige Liste und Bibliographie neubeschriebener Amphibienarten und -unterarten von 1993 bis 1997. Elaphe 6: 1-24.

Gollmann B. 1991.A developmental table of Crinia signifera Girard, 1853 (Anura, Myobatrachinae). Alytes 9: 51-58.

Gosner KL. 1959. Systematic variations in tadpole teeth with notes on food. Herpetologica 15: 203-210.

Gosner KL. 1960. A simplified table for staging Anura Embryos and larvae with notes on identification. Herpetologica 16: 183-190.

Gosner KL, Black IH. 1954. Larval development in Bufo woodhousei fowleri and Scaphiopus holbrooki holbrooki. Copeia 1954: 251-255.

Gosner KL, Black IH. 1957. Larval development in New Jersey Hylidae. Copeia 1957: 31-36.

Gosner KL, Rossman DA. 1960. Eggs and larval development of the treefrogs Hyla crucifer and Hyla ocularis. Herpetologica 16: 225-232.

Grillitsch B. 1984. Zur Eidonomie und Differentialdiagnose der Larven von Bufo b. bufo , B. calamita and B. v. viridis im Verlaufe ihrer Entwicklung von der Schlupfreife bis zum Einsetzen der Schwanzreduktion. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation,University of Vienna, Austria.

Grillitsch B, Grillitsch H, Dubois A, Splechtna H. 1993. The tadpoles of the brown frogs Rana (graeca) graeca and Rana (graeca) italica (Amphibia, Anura). Alytes 11: 117-139.

Grosjean S. 2001. The tadpole of Leptobrachium (Vibrissaphora) echinatum (Amphibia, Anura, Megophryidae). Zoosystema 23: 143-156.

Haas A. 1996. Das larvale Cranium von Gastrotheca riobambe und seine Metamorphose Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae. Verh. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg 36: 33-162.

Haas A. 1997. The larval hyobranchial apparatus of discoglossoid frogs: Its structure and bearing on the systematics of the Anura (Amphibia: Anura). J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res. 35: 179-197.

Haas A. 2003. Phylogeny of frogs as inferred from primarily larval characters (Amphibia: Anura). Cladistics 19: 23-89.

Haldane JBS. 1955. The measurements of variation. Evolution 9: 484.

Hall JA, Larsen Jr JH, Fitzner RE. 1997. Postembryonic ontogeny of the spadefoot toad, Scaphiopus intermontanus (Anura: Pelobatidae): External morphology. Herpetol. Monogr. 11: 124-178.

Hammerman DL. 1969. The frog tongue: I. General development and histogenesis of filiform papillae and mucous glands in Rana catesbeiana. Acta Zool. 50: 11-23.

Hampton SH, Volpe EP. 1963. Development and interpopulation variability of the mouthparts of Scaphiopus holbrooki. Amer. Midl. Nat. 70: 319-328.

Hebert PDN, Penton EH, Burns JM, Janzen DH, Hallwachs W. 2004. Ten species in one: DNA barcoding reveals cryptic species in the neotropical skipper butterfly Astraptes fulgerator. PNAS 101: 14812-14817.

d’Heursel A, de Sá RO. 1999.Comparing the tadpoles of Hyla geographica and Hyla semilineata. J. Herpetol. 33: 353-361.

Inger RF. 1956. Some amphibians from the lowlands of North Borneo. Fieldiana Zool. 34: 389-424.

Inger RF. 1992. A bimodal feeding system in a stream-dwelling larva of Rhacophoru s from Borneo. Copeia 1992: 887-890.

Kaung HC. 1975. Development of beaks of Rana pipiens larvae. Anat. Rec. 188: 361-370.

Lannoo MJ, Townsend DS, Wasserbug RJ. 1987. Larval life in the leaves: Arboreal tadpole types, with special attention to the morphology, ecology, and behavior of the oophagous Osteopilus brunneus (Hylidae) larva. Fieldiana, Zool. (n.s.) 38: i-iv + 1-31.

Larson P, de Sá RO. 1998. Chondrocranial morphology of Leptodactylus larvae (Leptodactylidae: Leptodactylinae): Its utilityin phylogenetic reconstruction. J. Morphol. 238: 287-305.

Lee JC. 1982. Accuracy and precision in anuran morphometrics: Artifacts of preservation. Syst. Zool. 31(3): 266-281.

Limbaugh BA, Volpe EP. 1957. Early development of the Gulf Coast toads, Bufo valliceps Wiegmann. Amer. Mus. Novitates 1842: 1-32.

Maglia AM, Púgener LA, Trueb L. 2001. Comparative development of anurans: Using phylogeny to understand ontogeny. Amer. Zool. 41: 538-551.

Michalowski J. 1966. Studies on the relationship of Bombina bombina (Linnaeus) and Bombina variegata (Linnaeus). II.Some taxonomic characters of tadpoles of both species andof tadpoles obtained from crosses under laboratory conditions. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 11(6): 181-208.

Nichols RJ. 1937. Taxonomic studies on the mouth parts of larval Anura. Illinois Biol. Monogr. 15: 1-73.

Orton GL. 1946. Larval development of the eastern narrowmouthed frog, Microhyla carolinensis (Holbrook), in Louisiana. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 30: 241-247.

Orton GL. 1947. Notes on some hylid tadpoles in Louisiana. Ann. Carnegie Mus. 30: 363-379.

Pfennig DW. 1992a. Proximate and functional causes of polyphenism in an anuran tadpole. Funct. Ecol. 6: 167-174.

Pfennig DW. 1992b. Polyphenism in spadefoot toad tadpoles as a locally adjusted evolutionary stable strategy. Evolution 46: 1408-1420.

Potthoff TL, Lynch JD. 1986. Interpopulation variability in mouthparts in Scaphiopus bombifrons in Nebraska (Amphibia: Pelobatidae). Prairie Nat. 18: 15-22.

Relyea RA, Werner EE. 2000. Morphological plasticity in four larval anurans distributed along an environmental gradient. Copeia 2000: 178-190.

Scott NJ Jr, Jennings RD. 1985. The tadpoles of five species of New Mexican leopard frogs. Occas. Pap. Mus. Southw. Biol. 3: 1-21.

Sedra SN, Michael MI. 1961. Normal table of the Egyptian toad, Bufo regularis Reuss, with an addendum on the standardization of the stages considered in previous publications. Cesk. Morfol. 9: 333-351, 8 pl.

Sokal RR, Braumann CA. 1980. Significance tests for coefficients of variation and variability profiles. Syst. Zool. 29: 50-66.

Strauss RE, Altig R. 1992.Ontogenetic body form changes in three ecological morphotypes of Anuran tadpoles. Growth, Dev. & Aging 56: 3-16.

Thomas M, Raharivololoniaina L, Glaw F, Vences M, Vieites D. 2005. Montane tadpoles in Madagascar: Molecular identification and description of the larval stages of Mantidactylus elegans, Mantidactylus madecassus, and Boophis laurenti from the Andringitra Massif. Copeia 2005: 174-183.

Tordoff A, Siurua H, Sobey R. 1997. Ben En national park, biodiversity survey 1997. Frontier Vietnam Forest ResearchProgramme Technical Report N° 12, Society for EnvironmentalExploration, London and Institute of Ecology and BiologicalResources, Hanoi.

Tubbs LOE, Stevens R, Wells M, Altig R. 1993.Ontogeny of the oral apparatus of the tadpole of Bufo americanus. Amphibia- Reptilia 14: 333-340.

Utsach PC, Mendelson III JR, McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA. 2000. A new species of Hyla (Anura: Hylidae) from the Sierra Mixes, Oaxaca, Mexico, with comments on ontogenetic variation in the tadpoles. Herpetologica 56: 239-250.

Vences M, Puente M, Nieto S, Vieites DR. 2002 Phenotypic plasticity of anuran larvae: Environmental variables influence body shape and oral morphology in Rana temporaria tadpoles. J. Zool. (Lond.) 257: 155-162.

Vences M, Thomas M, van der Meijden A, Chiari Y, Vieites DR. 2005. Comparative performance of the 16S rRNA gene in DNA barcoding of amphibians. Frontiers in Zoology 2: article 5.

Viertel B. 1982. The oral cavities of Central European anuran larvae (Amphibia). Morphology, ontogenesis and generic diagnosis. Amphibia-Reptilia 4: 327-360.

Volpe EP. 1955. A taxo-genetic analysis of the status of Rana kandiyochi Weed. Syst. Zool. 4(2): 75-82.

Volpe EP. 1957.The early development of Rana capito sevosa. Tulane Stud. Zool. 5: 207-225.

Volpe EP, Harvey SM. 1958. Hybridization and larval development in Rana palmipes Spix. Copeia 1958(3): 197-207.

Volpe EP, Wilkens MA, Dobie JL. 1961.Embryonic and larval development of Hyla avivoca. Copeia 1961(3): 240-249.

Wassersug RJ. 1973. Aspects of social behavior in anuran larvae. In: Vial JL, ed. Evolutionary biology of the anurans. Comtemporary research on major problems. University of Missouri Press, Columbia, 273-297.

Wassersug RJ. 1976a. Oral morphology of anuran larvae: terminology and general description. Occas. Papers Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas 48: 1-23.

Wassersug RJ. 1976b. Internal oral features in Hyla regilla (Anura: Hylidae) larvae: an ontogenetic study. Occas. Papers Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas 49: 1-24.

Wassersug RJ. 1980. Internal oral features of larvae from eight anuran families: functional, systematic, evolutionary and ecological considerations. Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kans. 68: 1-146.

Wassersug RJ. 1989.Locomotion in amphibian larvae (or “why aren’t tadpoles built like fishes?”). Amer. Zool. 29: 65-84.

Wassersug RJ, Duellman WE. 1984.Oral structures and their development in egg-brooding hylid frog embryos and larvae: Evolutionary and ecological implications. J. Morphol. 182: 1-37.

Wright AH. 1924. A new bullfrog (Rana heckscheri) from Georgia and Florida. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 37: 141-152.

Zweifel RG. 1961. Larval development of the tree frogs Hyla arenicolor and Hyla wrightorum. Amer. Mus. Novitates 2056: 1-19.

Zweifel RG. 1970. Descriptive notes on larvae of toads of the debilis group, genus Bufo. Amer. Mus. Novitates 2407: 1-13.